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NDM-86 in .308

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Chinese Norinco NDM-86 and EM-351 rifle

Norinco EM 351 Sniper rifle

7.62 mm Norinco NDM-86
Norinco Equipment logo
Cartridge: 7.62x54R mm

Operation: gas

Locking: rotating bolt

Feed: 10-round box magazine

Muzzle velocity: 830 m/s

Rate of fire: 650 rds/min

Firing mode: single shot semi-auto
Sights: fore, post; rear, U notch; adjustable 0 to 1200 m; Scope: 4x26 Type JJJ

Weapon length: 1220 mm

Barrel length: 622 mm (695 mm w/flash hider)

Weight (7.62) w/o scope cheek rest: 3.8kg

Scope: 0.575kg

The Chinese NDM-86 is manufactured at the Jing-An arsenal number 26 (a P.R.C. Ministry of Public Security manufacturer) and has a military designation of Type-79 (adopted in 1979) or Type-85 depending on which optical sight is used. The rifle is distributed by Norinco Equipment and is sold as both the NDM-86 and EM-351 and is chambered in either the 7.62x54R rimmed cartridge or 7.62x51 NATO caliber. Though the Type-79/85 is still in use in the PRC by special police and military units, it has been replaced by the QBU-88 for general military DMR use.

The rifles first appeared in the US around 1985 and were imported by Navy Arms. These early examples came in a green plywood transit chest which contained the rifle and the metal scope case. There were a very small number of sample rifles imported in the early 1980's that were chambered in .308 Winchester and designated as EM-352. These are not to be mistaken with the the NDM-86 in .308. The difference being that the EM-352 used standard curved magazines but with a modified follower to allow proper feeding of the rimless .308 Win cartridge.

Other importers of NDM-86 rifles were CSI (China Sports Int'l) in Ontario, California; CJA (China Jing-An) in Springfield, Montana; KFS (Kengs Firearms Specialty) in Atlanta, GA; GBE of Los Angeles, CA; and KSI/JPE (King Sport / Jay's Precision Enterprises) in Pomona, California. KSI alone imported 500 NDM-86s (in 7.62x54R) but the total number of NDM-86s in 7.62x54R from all five importers is not known. Over 2000 is an educated guess.

China Sports Catalog

China Sports, Inc of Ontario, California (CSI Ont, CA) product catalog of Norinco rifles offered for sale in the U.S. during the early 1990s.

NDM-86 complete set

Original box with canvas soft rifle case and three magazines. This NDM-86 is owned by "David".

NDM-86 new package

NDM-86 in original packaging

Most NDM-86 rifles were imported in this styrofoam packaging.

Vic Thomas' Type-79 transit chest

A rare original Type-79 sniper transit crate from the Vic Thomas collection. The green metal scope case can be seen with the scope serial number painted on.

Type 79 sniper transit case

These photos are from Aaron H. and show an early Navy Arms imported NDM-86. This version had minimal markings on the receiver.

Aaron H sniper transit chest

Tyvex pouches hold the spare magazines. Scope case is in the center under a piece of cardboard.

AaronH_scope case

Type-79 scope case with the scope's serial number which will also be stamped on the side of the butt stock. The optics manufacturer is shown as factory 833.

Norinco NDM-86

Chinese NDM-86 in 7.62x54R with Type 85-JJJ 4x26 scope.

Norinco NDM-86

The metal surface texture is not as "clean" as what you might see on the Russian SVDs but these Chinese rifles will shoot and function as well as their Russian counterpart. It has been said that the Chinese government examined several samples of the Russian SVD and "reverse-engineered" their Type-79 (military version of the NDM-86) with some improvements over the original Russian rifle.

Chinese Bayonet

A Chinese bayonet and sheath with wire cutter.

NDM86 hand guards

Hand guards have a glossy protective coating over the laminated wood.

NDM-86 rifle

NDM-86 package

Chad W NDM-86

ChadW's NDM-86 with refinished wood stock.

Norinco NDM-86 in red velvet lined case

The rare deluxe package on the first batch of NDM's imported.

Red velvet case

The total number of Velvet cased NDM-86s imported is unknown but they were apparently all imported by KFS Atlanta, GA. Keng's Firearms Specialty was established in 1985 and imported several different types of firearms from China over the years.

Deluxe NDM-86 package